Estimación de la ingesta de calcio y fosfato a partir de bebidas analcohólicas

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María E. Chulibert
Maela Lupo
Brenda L. Fina
María C. Olguin
Fabiana García
Marta Posadas
Alfredo Rigalli
Mercedes Lombarte

Resumen

El calcio (Ca) es un nutriente crítico para la salud, especialmente en los períodos de crecimiento. Sin embargo, la mayoría de los individuos argentinos no alcanzan la ingesta diaria recomendada. Por su parte, el fósforo (P) es un nutriente cuya ingesta suele estar por encima de la recomendada. Este tipo de desequilibrio en la ingesta de ambos nutrientes conlleva a una pérdida de masa ósea. El consumo de bebidas analcohólicas (BA) se ha incrementado en los últimos años, sobre todo en la población infantil, desplazando el consumo de agua y lácteos. El objetivo de este trabajo fue estimar el aporte de Ca y P a partir de BA diferentes de agua. Se evaluaron 59 muestras, cuya mediana y rango de Ca fue de 7,74 [0,00 a 111,29] mg/l y de P 55,17 [0,16 a 957,00] mg/l. Los jugos en polvo son los que mayor contenido de Ca presentaron y las bebidas deportivas aquellas donde se halló el mayor contenido de P. Considerando un consumo de 500 ml/día de BA se estarían incorporando 3,87 mg Ca y 27,59 mg P. El creciente consumo de BA, su bajo contenido de Ca y la concomitante reducción del consumo de lácteos contribuyen a una inadecuada ingesta de Ca.

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Chulibert ME, Lupo M, Fina BL, Olguin MC, García F, Posadas M, Rigalli A, Lombarte M. Estimación de la ingesta de calcio y fosfato a partir de bebidas analcohólicas. Actual. Osteol. [Internet]. 6 de noviembre de 2022 [citado 4 de marzo de 2024];17(2):p. 79-87. Disponible en: https://ojs.osteologia.org.ar/ojs33010/index.php/osteologia/article/view/41
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